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The Nine Main Accepted Ways Animals are Used in Science

Science and Morality

Science as such is never about any moral issue, including animal welfare. Science addresses objective factual evidence solely. FLOE’s illustration of scientific knowledge supports seven of the nine main ways animals are used in science: categories 3-9 on the following list are viable uses of animals in science, for which there already exist some more efficient, less expensive, modern human biology-based alternatives producing more accurate scientific results. It is only the first two categories in the following list which are scientifically held as demonstrably invalid: specifically meaning the claimed use of animals to predict responses in humans. By definition, the scientific position expressed in this list does not enter into a moral dialogue, that is to say, about the entirely separate – and equally valid – issue concerning the suffering of laboratory animals. Please visit our supportive advocates for animals for FLOE’s moral position, thank you.

1. Animals are used as predictive models of humans for research into diseases such as cancer and AIDS.

2. Animals are used as predictive models of humans for testing drugs or other chemicals.

3. Animals are used as “spare parts”, such as when a person receives an aortic valve from a pig.

4. Animals are used as bioreactors or factories, such as for the production of insulin or monoclonal antibodies, or to maintain the supply of a virus.

5. Animals and animal tissues are used to study basic physiological principles.

6. Animals are used in education to educate and train medical students and to teach basic principles of anatomy in high school biology classes.

7. Animals are used as a modality for ideas or as a heuristic device, which is a component of basic science research.

8. Animals are used in research designed to benefit other animals of the same species or breed.

9. Animals are used in research in order to gain knowledge for knowledge sake.

For more details please visit FAQS about the Use of Animals in Science (2009) Drs Greek MD and Shanks PhD, to buy this book.